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Symbol: Ag

Color: Silver

Type: Transition Metal

Magnetic: No

Electro-Conductive: Yes

Heat-Conductive: Yes

Atomic number: 47
Group number: 11
Mass: 107.868
Density: 10.49 g/cm3
Atomic volume: 10.3 cm3/mol
Melting Point: 961.7 C
Boiling Point: 2162 C
Hardness: 2.5- 3.0 on mohs scale.
Qualities: soft, lustrous, tarnishable, highly-reflective.



  1. 1.Silver is commonly found mixed in nature with Copper, Lead, Zinc, and Gold.

  2. 2.Raw Silver is found in nature as an alloy (combination) of gold, lead, zinc and/or copper with traces of other elements and is usually produced as a by product of gold, lead, zinc, or copper refining.

  3. 3.It is the greatest conductor of heat and electricity of all the metals.

  4. 4.Silver metal dissolves easily in nitric acid (HNO3), creating silver nitrate (AgNO3), a solid crystal which can be then be dissolved in water.  Copper metal is dipped into the solution of silver nitrate (AgNO3) to reverse the process and form a silver solid.

  5. 5.The highly reflective properties of Silver are surpassed slightly by Aluminum.

  6. 6.Silver was more valuable than Gold in Ancient Egypt.

  7. 7.Silver reserve and mine production is found in Australia, *USA, *Peru *Canada, *Mexico, Chile, China, Poland, South Africa, and some other countries.  More Data

    *Largest Producers if Silver.

Get to know the Metal, and understand it’s most important characteristics, uses, history, and statistics which all underline and reinforce it’s value and importance to us and society as a whole.


  1. 1.There is approximately 5x less Silver Reserve in the World than Gold. There is about 5 Billion ounces of Gold in known existence today, whereas only about 1 Billion ounces of Silver remain.  This is due to the heavy industry consumption and low recovery/recycle rate of Silver. Gold is highly recycled and used significantly less in industrial applications.      For more on this read the Interview with Theodore Butler, Silver Analyst.

  2. 2.Silver is used heavily in the following industries and applications: Precious Metals (Coins, Bars), Jewelry, Silverware, Photography (silver nitrate for photo film), Electronics (circuits, conductors, wiring), Batteries (silver-zinc & silver-cadmium), Soldering, Specialized Mirrors/Optics (with superior reflectivity), Catalyst (to assist in speeding up chemical reactions), Anti-Bacterial/Anti-Fungal agents, Solar Technology, etc.

  3. 3.Silver price is severely and artificially undervalued considering the growing scarcity of this metal, which makes silver one of the most inexpensive and profitable investments available.

  4. 4.Silver mining is difficult & expensive, and as economic conditions continue to deteriorate more people will turn to silver, which in turn will deplete reserves even further.  This of course will drive silver demand exponentially higher and supply severely lower.  In turn, this may cause the price of silver to skyrocket, to more than $200/ounce.

  5. 5.Silver Coins have been used throughout history for over 2600 years, dating back to 650B.C. in Lydia (currently Turkey).  Coins used during Jesus’ time also contained Silver.


Silver to Gold Ratio:

[Up until 1933, the Silver to Gold ratio (amount of ounces of silver needed to buy one ounce of gold) has been 16:1.  So it took about 16 ounces of silver to buy one ounce of gold.  It has been this way for at least 100 years, but began to change as we became fooled that paper is real money.]  As a system analyst, Jim Townsend states “you wouldn’t take a wooden nickel, so why would you accept a paper dollar?” 

He goes on to say: “Consider, If I have $1000 in phony paper money right now I can buy one ounce of gold or 50 ounces of silver. When the system crashes, everyone will lose their credits and paper currency will be nothing more than fancy fire starter. The $1000 you spent on gold now leaves you with $20 of real money. The $1000. you spent on silver now leaves you with $80 of real money. Remember, after the crash of '29 you could buy a house for $10.... and the scam needs Commerce”  - http://townsend.be/Bi-Metalism.html